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6/26/2023 State law requires hospitals to adopt protocols to identify and treat sepsis
STATE HOUSE — Legislation introduced by Sen. Ryan W. Pearson (D-Dist. 19, Cumberland, Lincoln) and Rep. Anthony J. DeSimone (D-Dist. 5, Providence) that would require hospitals to adopt sepsis protocols has been signed into law.

The legislation (2023-S 0283A, 2023-H 5869A) requires the director of the Department of Health to develop in coordination with the Antimicrobial Stewardship and Environmental Cleaning Task Force information on best practices for the treatment of patients with sepsis and septic shock. Each hospital and freestanding emergency-care facility is now required to implement procedures and policies in accordance with this information.

“Sepsis exacts a significant toll on human life,” said Senator Pearson. “It has been sudden, tragic and devastating for families that have quickly lost an otherwise healthy family member. There is some pretty compelling evidence that these protocols work in the states that have established them, and it’s time to bring them to Rhode Island.”

Sepsis, an extreme reaction to infection that spreads via the bloodstream, kills between 250,000 and 500,000 people in the U.S. annually — more than AIDS, breast and prostate cancers, and stroke combined. Yet fewer than half of Americans have heard of it, according to the National Conference of State Legislatures.

“There have been several tragic deaths of children in this state due to sepsis, and it’s among the most common causes of death for children in Rhode Island,” said Representative DeSimone. “Some of these deaths can be avoided by adopting common sense-based sepsis protocols for our hospitals and primary care givers.”

Under the new law, the Director of Health will make information on best practices for the treatment of patients with sepsis and septic shock available to health care practitioners. This includes:
  • An evidence-based screening tool that can be used at initial evaluation of adult and pediatric patients in the emergency department
  • An evidence-based treatment protocol for adult and pediatric patients that includes 19 time-specific treatment goals
  • Nurse-driven testing protocols to enable nurses to initiate care for patients with suspected sepsis
  • Incorporation of sepsis screening and treatment tools into the electronic health record where possible
  • Mechanisms to prompt escalation of care within the facility, and, when appropriate, to stabilize and transfer to a facility able to provide a higher level of care
  • Strategies for appropriate hand-offs and communication regarding the care of patients with sepsis and for the reassessments of patients at regular intervals
  • Hospital specific antibiotic guidelines for use in treating patients with sepsis and a mechanism for reevaluating a patient’s antibiotic treatment based on culture results that provides reassessment and de-escalation of antibiotic treatment when appropriate
  • Staff education on sepsis policies and procedures during the onboarding process and at least annually and when new practice guidelines are published or existing standards are updated to ensure that care reflects current standards of practice.

For more information, contact:
Daniel Trafford, Publicist
State House Room 20
Providence, RI 02903